رابطه اخلاق کاری و تاب آوری شغلی با استرس و فرسودگی شغلی معلمان مدارس استثنایی شهر زاهدان

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار گروه مدیریت آموزشی، واحد زاهدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زاهدان، ایران

2 کارشناسی ارشد مدیریت آموزشی، واحد زاهدان، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، زاهدان، ایران

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر تعیین رابطه اخلاق کاری و تاب­آوری شغلی با استرس و فرسودگی شغلی معلمان مدارس استثنایی بود. روش پژوهش، توصیفی از نوع همبستگی و جامعه آماری این پژوهش را معلمان مدارس استثنایی شهر زاهدان به تعداد 163 نفر که از میان آنها با استفاده از روش نمونه­گیری تصادفی ساده، 113 نفر انتخاب شد. برای جمع­آوری داده­ها از پرسشنامه­های استرس شغلی الیوت (1998)، فرسودگی شغلی مسلش (2003)، تاب­آوری شغلی کونور و دیودسون (2003) و اخلاق کاری علی الکاظمی (2003) استفاده شد. روایی محتوایی پرسشنامه براساس شاخص CVR با نظر هشت نفر از متخصصین مورد تأیید قرار گرفت. همچنین پایایی پرسشنامه­ بر اساس ضریب آلفای کرونباخ به ترتیب 90/0، 88/0، 90/0 و 86/0 برآورد گردید. داده­ها با استفاده از نرم افزار spss مورد تجزیه و تحلیل قرار گرفت. یافته­های آزمون تی یک­طرفه نشان داد اخلاق کاری معلمان در وضعیت مطلوب، اما استرس و فرسودگی شغلی و تاب­آوری شغلی معلمان در وضعیت مطلوبی قرار ندارد. نتایج ضریب همبستگی نشان داد که بین اخلاق کاری و تاب­آوری شغلی با استرس شغلی همبستگی منفی و معنادار و بین اخلاق کاری با فرسودگی شغلی و تاب­آوری شغلی با فرسودگی شغلی رابطه معناداری یافت نشد. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Relationship between Work Ethics and Occupational Resilience with Job Stress and Burnout among Exceptional Schools' Teachers

نویسندگان [English]

  • samaneh salimi 1
  • malihe seyami 2
1 , Assistant Professor Department of Educational Management, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
2 Master of Educational Management, Zahedan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Zahedan, Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between work ethics and occupational resilience with job stress and burnout among exceptional school teachers. This research was conducted by using the descriptive correlational methodology. The statistical population comprised exceptional school teachers (N=163) in Zahedan, Iran. Among them, 113 teachers were selected using a simple random sampling method. Eliot's Job Stress Questionnaire (1998), Maslach Burnout Inventory (2002), Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (2003), and Work Ethics Scale by Ali and Ali Kazemi (2002) were used to collect data. The content validity of these tools was confirmed based on the CVR index and opinions of 8 experts. Moreover, the reliability of the tools mentioned above equaled 0.90, 0.88, 0.90, and 0.86, Cronbach's alpha respectively. Data analysis was done through SPSS software. According to findings obtained from the one-way t-test, the work ethics of teachers was perfect, while they did not have an optimal situation in terms of job stress and burnout, as well as occupational resilience. Correlation coefficients indicated a negative and significant correlation between work ethics, occupational resilience, and job stress. Further, there was no significant relationship between work ethics and job burnout, as well as occupational resilience and job burnout.

  
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • work ethic
  • Job Stress
  • job resilience
  • job burnout
  • exceptional schools teachers

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